JERZY FITELBERG (1903-1951): String Quartets No. 4 and No 5.

Catalogue Number: 03Y027

Label: Acte Préalable

Reference: AP0543

Format: CD

Price: $16.98

Description: “If Fitelberg’s first two quartets, written in 1926 and 1928, wore their Stravinsky-and-Francophile affiliations proudly, these later works are somewhat thornier. In 1936 he was living in Paris, having left Germany where he’d lived for many years and where he’d studied with Schreker. His Fourth Quartet uses one of Fitelberg’s favoured forms, a Theme and Variations; in this case, a Theme and seven variations with a concluding fugue. It’s a strikingly angular Theme with contrastingly smoother elements – comparatively speaking. He builds through the variations with inexorable logic, drawing on a range of influences, including that of Stravinsky, whose influence had permeated the first two quartets. There are some ecclesiastical-sounding moments, a lot of Bartók-like rhythmic vitality and near-folkloric barbarity. Fitelberg varies the dynamism of the variations well, ensuring that there are moments of reprieve, his shifting thematic writing at times daringly spare. He unleashes a fugue to end the work with darting, restless clarity, music of sophisticated assurance. Each variation is separately tracked. The Fifth Quartet, Fitelberg’s last, comes from his American phase. He’d fled there early in 1940, living in New York until his early death in 1951; he suffered cardiovascular disease which led to a fatal heart attack. Though it was written about a decade after the Fourth, it shares a similar conception, this time an opening Allegro followed by a Theme and five variations, topped not by a fugue but by an extended Vivace finale. There’s a lot of intervallic inventiveness in this work and there’s rather more ‘air’ to it than in the more clotted earlier work. Similarly, though superficially similar the variations are both terser and crisper than in the Parisian Fourth – there’s a lightness, an almost-humorous slant to them that’s cemented by the ripely unfolding finale, that has genuine intensity but not the convoluted exposition of No. 4.” - Musicweb International, rev. 2/23/23. Fitelberg Quartet.


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